Saturday, March 14, 2020
Lord of the Rngs essays Critical Evaluation of The Lord of the Rings: Fellowship of the Ring Peter Jackson, the movie picture director from Heavenly Creatures and The Frighteners, has done it again. A New Zealand born native has made some of the most goriest pictures that were ever produced. He has transformed one of the most intriguing fantasy books, which was always a dream of his, into a three part movie trilogy. The outcome of this burdensome task is a superb film. He had the right mix of team, talent, financing, and location to make a story so fanciful come to life. His incredible intuitions and skills were seen thoughtout. It is a wonderful, eye-catching, film. The screenplay by Jackson was remarkable, given how much material he had to discard and condense in order to make the transition to the screen, while still remaining true to the original. As best said by himself, I wanted to take moments from the book and use modern technology to give audiences nights unlike anything they have experienced before. His talent exceeded anyones belief that such a masterpiece could be created with such brilliance. This movie rates among one of the top three of all time. New Line Cinema and Wingnut Films Production presented Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring. This three hour spectacle, a condensed version of the four-hundred page book by J.R.R.Tolkien, was released on December 19th, 2001. It has grossed in three hundred and thirteen million dollars. This film placed eleventh in all time income as it grossed over three hundred and thirteen million dollars. The premier was in London, England, and then in New York City for the U.S.A. This legendary fantasy gave everyone, from avid fans of the book, to people unfamiliar with the trilogy, a truly fascinating experience. You would not have to read the book to be carried away by the magic and power that encompasses you as you experience the movie. The production company filmed all three mov...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Police Use of Force - Essay Example The most important reason for the application of force by the law enforcement agency is the aspect of compliance in which the police may apply force to ensure that individuals comply with established laws. The use of force by the police may include verbal as well as physical moderation, less-fatal, and brutal force depending on the situation. The degree of force applied by law enforcement personnel is relative to the situation because police are expected to use whichever quantity of force to manage a situation. This implies that the level of force to be applied by the police is not established and they are required to asses the situating and apply that force that guarantees compliance, safety and protection. The major factors that make it necessary for the application of force by the police include, managing an incident, executing an arrest as well as defending themselves and society from danger. The use of force refers to an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s privilege to resolve disagreements or deter unfavorable deeds through the application of mechanisms that discourage a person from certain actions or getting physically involved to stop such actions (Alpert & Dunham, 2004). Government administrations in most countries and realms across the world permit civilians and law enforcement to apply force in deterring looming incidence of crime. Police are particularly empowered to use force in cases where the stoppage or prevention of crime and other unlawful activities is involved. Similarly, the use of force may be invoked by the administrative arm of regime via the deployment of security forces; police or army to guarantee order in the community. The application of force is enshrined in the law whereby the police are allowed and expected to apply force in certain situations as they deem fit to ensure that peace, order, and stability are not compromised. Conflict resolution can take the mode of negotiation where the people involved are of the same standard. However, in cases w here there is a conflict between a law enforcer and an offender, force may be applied to settle the conflict. This is more applicable when the offender fails to comply with orders from law enforcement or when the law breaker attempts to flee from the police; in such cases force is to be applied to handle the situation. The degree of force to be applied by police is not established though it is expected that only necessary force should be applied by law enforcement to restore order (Kuhns & Knutsson, 2010). Therefore, as regards protecting peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives or their property, the amount of force used should be that which is reasonable to achieve the purpose of safety under the circumstances at hand. It is left to the discretion of the police to decide which degree of force is necessary and reasonable to address the situation at hand. To that effect, there exist checks and balances over the use of force by police in the sense that in cases where officers apply force beyond the mea sure required in a given situation, they are liable to disciplinary action because they must account for their actions. Hence, it is expected that the police make ethical and considerate decisions regarding the manner in which they ought to apply force without misusing the prerogative. The degrees of force include, verbal and physical, less lethal and brutal; incases where brutal force ought to be applied other lesser degrees should be attempted first before applying the higher degree. Police use force for a variety of
Monday, February 10, 2020
Korea - Research Paper Example The UN Assembly implemented a fresh resolution demanded elections in regions reachable by the UN Commission (Cumings, p. 56). The first elections in Korea took place in May 1948. A Communist rule was set up in the North under Kim Il-sung, a Stalinist leader with total authority. During the year 1949, both Russia, as well as the United States pulled their troops out, leaving behind them the respective armed forces of the North, an influential North Korean Soviet-trained territorial army, and in the South, a less significant, feeble Republic of Korea (ROK) defense force. Stalin, concerned about the growth of Soviet Communism, notices enormous opportunities within Asia as well as the Pacific, with the arrival of the initial Soviet nuclear test during the year 1949, he observed that he could almost immediately confront the United States. However, he rejected the North Korean leadersÃ¢â¬â¢ tries to form an armed forces coalition with Russia. One more blunder, this time on the part of th e Americans was the declarations by the then Secretary of State, Dean Acthinson that the Korean peninsula was inside the security border of the United States. ... However, the North Korea leader gave Stalin the idea that the warfare would not exceed thirty days. In the meantime, General McArthur (Halberstam, p. 341), in Tokyo watching over the reconstruction of Japan, discounted the information that North Korean may attack. He was busy finalizing his points for the forthcoming Japanese peace accord (Halberstam, p. 341). On the other hand, North Korea failed to inform China of its objective and China was getting ready to attack Taiwan at the time. CIA Intelligence news of an approaching assault went unnoticed (Halberstam, p. 341). The Korean War (1950-1953) started when the North Korean Communist military forces attacked non-Communist South Korea. The United States came to South Korea's help. General Douglas MacArthur, who had been supervising the post World War II occupation of Japan, ordered the US military forces, which now started to refrain the North Koreans at Pusan, at the Southernmost point of Korea. Even though Korea was not tactically crucial to the United States, the political atmosphere at this phase of the Cold War was such that politicians did not like to appear flexible about Communism (Richardson & Maurer, p. 83). Supposedly, the US interfered as component of a law enforcement act, run by a UN (United Nations) international peacekeeping force; in reality, the anti-Communist interests of NATO and US influences the UN. The United Nations, mainly the United States, came to the help of South Korea in preventing the raid. A quick UN counter-offensive drove the North Koreans ahead of the 38th Parallel and nearly to the Yalu River, and the People's Republic of China joined the war on the side of the North. The Chinese initiated a counter-offensive that pressed the United Nations military back behind the 38th
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Ethical considerations Essay Deception; the participants were not aware that they were taking part in a psychological study about memory until after the study had taken place in order to reduce the risk of bias in the experiment. Afterwards they were informed and were given the opportunity to withdraw their responses without prejudice. They were told that no names would be recorded and that confidentiality was assured of their result. Another risk would be if people then realised the experiment tested memory they could think it was to do with intelligence and worry that they would be judged as stupid if they did not remember many words. This could cause psychological distress to that person and might confirm personal fears of insecurity causing further damage. This could be controlled by warning the participant what the study was going to be about before they did it so if they felt embarrassed or worried about their result they could make a more informed decision not to take part. Results This table shows how many words were recalled by each participant. It shows that the mean average number of words recalled in Condition A was 15.08; 1.59 less than condition B at 16.67. It also allows us to see that 2/3 of the participants recalled more words with classical music playing than they did in silence.Ã Summary table to show the number of words recalled by each participant in condition A and. Condition B This bar chart shows condition A results in red and condition B in green. From this we can see that both the highest and lowest numbers of words recalled were in condition B. This bar chart clearly demonstrates the difference between condition A and B to vary greatly throughout the experiment.Ã This pie chart shows the difference between the average scores to be quite insignificant as there is only a 5 % difference which means that although most of the numbers of words recalled did increase from condition a to condition b there was not a big difference when taking into account what their scores actually were and working out the average. I also deduced the range to be 12 for condition A, the lowest/ highest values being 8 and 20, and 17 for condition B, the lowest/ highest values being 7 and 24. The median, however, for both was the same at 16.5. This means there was a wider spread list of values for condition B therefore more variation in how many words people remembered than in condition A.Ã However the descriptive statistics used above only describe what has been found. In order to suggest the probability of achieving the scores that we did, an inferential sign test was used. A sign test was used as the experimental design was a repeated measures design and the data collected was nominal. When we applied our raw data to the sign test analysis a sign value of 4 was achieved. As this exceeds the critical value of 2, for 12 participants, we can suggest that the raw data achieved is more than 5% due to chance factors and less than 95% due to the manipulation of the independent variable which means our original hypothesis is only partially supported. Discussion From the results obtained in this experiment, we can suggest that our one tailed experimental hypothesis of playing classical music during a memory test will increase the number of words remembered, is only partially supported, in that only 2/3 (66.67%) of participants recall improved when tested with classical music. This was not found to achieve a significant level of probability 0.05, which means that recall was not 95% or more due to the manipulation of the independent variable i.e. whether or not classical music was playing in the background. Therefore on this occasion we must accept our null hypothesis of there will be no significant relationship between whether or not music is played in the background and how many words the participants remember as there was not a high enough probability to suggest that the variation in number of words recalled was a direct effect of the manipulation of the independent variable. In our experiment we found that classical music did improve performance of memory as 2/3 of the participants recall improved. This disagrees with the findings of Cohen whose study suggested that participants who were exposed to background noise were cognitively impaired. Our experiment was similar to Cohens in that it tested the effect of environmental stimulants on recall ability. Cohen, however, tested the participants under exposure to aircraft noise which is much louder and more distracting than a relaxing piece of music such as Mozart. Our findings, therefore, may be more appropriately compared to the findings of Dr. George Lozanov. Lozanov designed a way to teach foreign languages to children in a fraction of the learning time. He did this by teaching whilst using certain 60 beats per minute Baroque music and found that his students had a retention rate of 92% and an accuracy of 85- 100% after only thirty days. The findings of which reflect our own in that he used classical music, with the typical 60 beat per minute pattern, to improve performance of memory in the recollection of vocabulary in foreign languages. However, the percentage of improvement in his experiment was 92%, whereas ours was only 66.67% and therefore shows that his experiment was more accurate than our own However, as our participants were young adults and not children, as in the above, direct and reliable comparisons may not be fully appropriate. This could be due to wider social influences upon adults in relation to children for example a young adult would understand the instructions better and therefore might feel under more pressure to perform than a child. This could have adverse effects and make their performance worse or make them try harder than a child would. Due to this ignorance on the childs behalf, an experiment involving children is often more natural. Also, differences in procedure and experimental design may have led to the difference in findings. For example Lozanov choose to teach foreign languages to children and it has been proven that children have a higher capacity than adults for learning language, as they are not as set in speaking their own language as an adult is. The differences found may have related to this factor and so had an effect upon the data that we achieved. If my experiment had been carried out on children instead I think I would have gotten more positive results due to the above reasons. Other limitations include our choice of method; an experiment is not a natural setting as participants would feel pressurised by the fact that their results were being analysed and might have not been able to concentrate on recalling the words. An improvement could have been a test administered by a normal teacher in a classroom environment, where students would be more used to getting a test and might be more relaxed. This would be unethical, however as it is deceptive. The repeated measures design used meant that the list of words in the second experiment had to be changed because the same participants had seen it in the first experiment and therefore might recall more words after looking at it for a second time. This would have meant the results were inaccurate therefore another list of words was devised. This could however have caused even more problems because, although care was taken not to use more confusing or longer words from one list to another, the experiment was not standardised and therefore direct comparisons could not be made. A matched pairs design would have allowed comparisons to be made between the lists, but not as accurately between the participants, as every participant will be different. The opportunity based sample that I used meant that there werent an equal number of males and females, therefore it wasnt representative. A better sampling technique would be to use stratified sampling, in which equal numbers of the same sex can be selected. If the target population was larger, the sample would have been more representative but we needed to use similarly aged participants, as there would have been difference in recall ability between, for example, a four and an eighteen year old. Using people from our own class could have interfered with the result because the participants knew who they were doing the experiment for and could be biased to the experimenter. Also, I think that using younger participants would have given a more natural element to the experiment, as they would not ask too many questions, worry about the results or interfere as much with the experiment by not trying their best. The participants did not seem to be confused by the standardised instructions but they might not have been clear on why they were doing the experiment, which could have had an effect on their performance. The participants were also talked through the experiment as we carried it out and everything was plainly stated to them. A better way of presentation of the words however, might have been to present them on an over head projector, so that timing could be controlled better; in our experiment, participants were in control of turning over the sheet of paper with the list on and therefore could have turned it over before the test started. The paper was only one sheet thick as well so participants might have been able to see the words even when the sheet was face down. To expand the experiment further, there are many different variables and different aspects of memory which I could test. The serial position effect, mentioned in my introduction, would be an interesting aspect of memory to test as I noticed in the lists of words there were a significant number of words from the start and the end of the actual list, included in the words the participants remembered. We could test this by setting a quota at, say, the first five and last five words and seeing what percentage of the recalled words were within one of these quotas. We could have used a recording of background noise to repeat Cohens experiment or used music with words to test the participants. A really interesting experiment would be to use children against adults in a memory test with the classical music, as I believe children would give a more positive result in relation to my hypothesis. I dont believe that there would be a significant difference between males and females, if any, but it would be worth considering. We could have tested different amounts of words see if there is a difference in capacity of recall between a list of one hundred words and thirty words; would the participants be put off by the amount of words and not remember as many for the long list as the short? There are clearly many different experiments relating to memory that could be tested.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
An Analysis of Yeats' The Second Coming Yeats' poem "The Second Coming," written in 1919 and published in 1921 in his collection of poems Michael Robartes and the Dancer, taps into the concept of the gyre and depicts the approach of a new world order. The gyre is one of Yeats' favorite motifs, the idea that history occurs in cycles, specifically cycles "twenty centuries" in length (Yeats, "The Second Coming" ln. 19). In this poem, Yeats predicts that the Christian era will soon give way apocalyptically to an era ruled by a godlike desert beast with the body of a lion and the head of a man (ln. 14). Critics have argued about the exact meaning of this image, but a close reading of the poem, combined with some simple genetic work, shows that Yeats saw the new order as a reign of terror haunted by war. "The Second Coming," in its entirety, is an astounding encapsulation of Yeats' idea of the gyre and his fears about the future of mankind; it is expertly woven with threads of prophetic literary reference and impressive poetic t echniques. To begin, the gyre, a spiral or repeated circling motion, is a symbol and a concept that Yeats used repeatedly in his poetry and prose, and the poetics of "The Second Coming" illustrate the idea of the gyre. The repeated words in the poem enforce the idea of "spiral images" (Drake 131); words and phrases, such as "surely" and "is at hand" in lines 9 and 10, "turning" in line 1, "is loosed" in lines 4 and 5, and the very title, "Second Coming" in lines 10 and 11, are repeated, creating an onomatopoeic effect suggesting the repetitive movement of the gyre (Bornstein 203). Similarly, repetitious or paired images give the same effect, as Yeats seems to cycle through his "falcon" ("The Second Coming... ...tin's, 1966. Drake, Nicholas. The Poetry of W. B. Yeats. London: Penguin, 1991. Ellmann, Richard. The Identity of Yeats. New York: Oxford, 1954. ---. Yeats: the Man and the Masks. New York: Macmillan, 1948. Jeffares, A. Norman. A Commentary on the Collected Poems of W. B. Yeats. Stanford: Stanford U., 1968. ---. W. B. Yeats. New York: Humanities, 1971. Purdy, Dwight H. Biblical Echo and Allusion in the Poetry of W. B. Yeats: Poetics and the Art of God. Lewisburg: Bucknell U., 1994. Stock, A. G. W. B. Yeats: His Poetry and Thought. London: Cambridge, 1961. Yeats, William Butler. Michael Robartes and the Dancer Manuscript Materials. Eds. Thomas Parkinson and Anne Brannen. Ithaca: Cornell, 1994. ---. "The Second Coming." Norton Anthology of English Literature. Eds. M. H. Abrams, et al. 6th ed. Vol. 2. New York: Norton, 1993. 1880-81.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
ohan Singh- A weak PM ? Manmohan Singh is the 13th and current Prime minister of the country. But in the past one year he has been heavily criticized and he has ended up facing a lot of flack from the opposition as well as the citizens of the country. But is this enough to say that he is a weak PM? No I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think so, while criticizing him we all are forgetting the good work he has done for our country.What a lot of us donÃ¢â¬â¢t know is that before becoming the prime minister of the country Manmohan Singh was the finance minister of our country, during the early 90Ã¢â¬â¢s, at that time our country was in a lot of debt and it was because of his policies that we were able to come out of such a difficult situation and stand on our own two feet. We must not forget that it was during his time that the policy of LPG- liberalization, globalization and privatization was bought in our country.According to an article in a well known magazine it was quoted that he is one of the lea ders who is loved by and respected by other leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s, in 2010 he was 18th in Times magazineÃ¢â¬â¢s most powerful personÃ¢â¬â¢s. And also he has been said to be the best prime minister of the country since Nehru. But there is a famous saying that if you have roses then you have thorn to. Same is the case with Manmohan Singh, with the UPA government facing a lot of flack for the way it has been governing the country for the last couple of years.Specially with the CWG scam, 2G scam and the recent Baba Ramdev and Anna Hazzare incidents his image has been spoiled. He has been called a puppet in the hand of Sonia Gandhi, he ha been accused of not standing up for himself when most needed. People donÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the gravity of the situation or what pressure Mr. Singh is and how every move he makes is judged and criticized. Every wrong move by him is noted and the right one not taken note of. So what if Mr.Singh does not make many public appearances or decides to keep mum on certain issues, he is like the background dancer who doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t get notice but is one of the biggest reason for a particular dance to be good. Just like many a people might say that he is a puppet in Mrs. GandhiÃ¢â¬â¢s hand but just like the background dancer he works from the behind for the success of his government. That is the reason even with so many scams UPA is in one itÃ¢â¬â¢s best reign over the last couple of decadeÃ¢â¬â¢s.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Paying Collegiate Student Athletes Over the last decade, the question of whether or not to pay collegiate student-athletes has been heavily debated. With increasing revenues for the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), major athletic conferences, and BCS (Bowl Championship Series) universities, many people believe that everyone is benefitting from college athletics except for the student athletes. On the other side of the issue, the NCAA argues that student athletes are paid through athletic scholarships which in most cases, at the Division I level, consist of tuition, room, board, and books. Although the definition of amateurism has loosened over the years, the NCAA was founded on the principle of amateurism with the intention that student-athletes compete without payment. The NCAA has faced several lawsuits that indirectly address this issue but it has prevailed in each case, until the OÃ¢â¬â¢Bannon v. NCAA case, also referred to as the NCAA Student Athlete Name Likeness Licensing Litigation after several other former student athletes joined as plaintiffs in the class action lawsuit (Vint). Former UCLA basketball player, Ed OÃ¢â¬â¢Bannon, sued the NCAA and the Collegiate Licensing Company for using his image and the image of other athletes in products such as video games. The Collegiate Licensing Company decided to leave the case and make a million dollar settlement with current and former athletes who appeared in EA Sports basketball and footballShow MoreRelatedShould College Athletes Be Paid?1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAshay Mehta Nou Per 8 Should College Athletes Be Paid? One of the hottest debates in the sports industry is if college athletes should be paid. If you want to pay these athletes, how would the college determine the dollar amount that should be paid? Should the basketball team make more than the football team? Should the the soccer team be paid as well? Cheerleading? Chess team? Should everyone on the team get a salary? What if your college is good at football and your basketball team is awfulRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1398 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesbelieve that college athletes at the highest performing schools are better treated than others. Although they do not get paid, they do receive some benefits for being athletes that other students would not get. One advantage for playing a sport is access to scholarships that some schools reserve for their athletes. Depending on the school and the athleteÃ¢â¬â¢s performance, money towards tuition is often given. Only some schools are willing to grant Ã¢â¬Å"full-rideÃ¢â¬ scholar ships for certain athletes. AccordingRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1289 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout the years college sports have been about the love of the game, filled with adrenaline moments. However, the following question still remains: Should college athletes get paid to play sports in college? Seemingly, this debate has been endless, yet the questions have gone unanswered. The National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA) plays a vital role in this debate. The NCAA is a billion dollar industry, but yet sees that the athlete should get paid for their hard work and dedicationRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1334 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesrising to the surface is Ã¢â¬Å"Should college athletes be paid?Ã¢â¬ . This has become a burning question. The NCAA is a multibillion-dollar industry, that makes millions, if not billions, in revenue. Yet itÃ¢â¬â¢s still maintains the non-profit status meaning that the industry is not set on making a profit and none of the revenue that is made is distributed to its members, managers, or officers. While most players who play in college sports are under a scholarship, that pays for the college tuition, books, and housingRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1364 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHave you paid attention to all of the news that has been surfacing about collegiate sports lately? It is a big topic now days in the world of sports on weather college athletes should be getting paid to play sports. College athletics have gained great popularity of the past few decades, and have brought schools lots of revenue. A lot of college athletes think they should be getting paid for their services they do for their school. College sports like basketball and football generate over six billionRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1130 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWhat college athlete would not want to be paid to play the sport that he or she loves? The real question is, though, should college athletes be paid fo r their roles in a collegeÃ¢â¬â¢s athletics? They are many points to each side of this recent controversial topic, which is why this has been made into such a hot debate in the past couple of years. As of right now, these athletes are not getting paid, but many of them truly believe that they should. Others believe that they already are being paid throughRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?986 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPaying the College Athlete The college athlete has steadily grown in popularity in the United States over the span of the past decades. Monetarily speaking, this increased publicity has been extremely beneficial for National Athletic Association (NCAA) and all the colleges involved in athletics which has sparked the dispute of whether or not the athlete should be paid for their hard work and dedication on the field and to their school or if the athletic scholarship is more than enough. College athletesRead MoreShould College Athletes Be Paid?1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLindsey Simmerman Speech 102 T/Th 1:00-2:15 October 25, 2016 Should college athletes be paid to play? Specific Purpose: To persuade the class to agree with my stance on paying college athletes to play sports Thesis: College football is the hours players spend practicing and performing, the number of injuries the players face, and the persona these athletes must portray every day all the while watching their schools, coaches, and the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) get all the compensationRead MoreCollege Athletes Should Be Paid1254 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesSome college athletic departments are as wealthy as professional sports teams. The NCAA has an average annual revenue of $10.6 billion dollars. College athletes should be paid because of the amount of revenue that they bring to their college. Each individual college should pay its athletes based on how much revenue they bring to the college in which they attend. The colleges that win their Division title, their Conference title, or the National championship, give bonuses to the Head coach of thatRead MoreCollege Athletes Should Not Be Paid1558 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesstudent-athletes participate in a variety of different s ports, and currently they do not receive paychecks for their performances. College athletics have attained an extensive popularity increase among Americans over the past few decades. This has resulted into increased revenues for the National Collegiate Athletic Association [NCAA] and the participating colleges, which has fuelled the debate of whether or not college athletes should collect an income. College athletes should not be paid to play